Anno 1602 [Walkthrough]

Anno 1602


v1.02, 16 February 2004
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          Anno 1602 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ/Strategy Guide)
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CONTENTS
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1. Preface
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- 1.1 Notes 
- 1.2 Credits and Legal 
- 1.3 Version 
- 1.4 Most Frequently Asked Questions 
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2. Introduction
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- 2.1 What is Anno 1602? 
- 2.2 Who developed Anno 1602? 
- 2.3 What are the minimum requirements? 
- 2.4 "Anno 1602" or "1602 AD"? What are NINA, the Gold Edition and 
Konigsedition? How many different versions are there? 
- 2.5 Where can I get demos and patches? 
- 2.6 What expansions and addons are there? 
- 2.7 Can I run the game on Linux? 
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3. Gameplay
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3.1 Essential Concepts 
- 3.1.1 How are resources revealed? 
- 3.1.2 How is territory gained? 
- 3.1.3 What limits how I develop colonies? 
- 3.1.4 How does cashflow work? What costs are there? 
- 3.1.5 Must I keep my people happy? 
- 3.1.6 Is territory important? 
- 3.1.7 How do service areas work? 
- 3.1.8 How do roads and carts work? 
- 3.1.9 How does production work? 
3.2 Setup and Interface 
- 3.2.1 Where is the manual? 
- 3.2.2 What are the differences between continuous play difficulty settings? 
- 3.2.3 How do I pause? 
- 3.2.4 How does the game end? 
- 3.2.5 Can you change the names of colonies and ships? 
- 3.2.6 Is there an undo button? 
- 3.2.7 How do I meet a "balance" objective? 
- 3.2.8 Can I see the objectives during play? 
3.3 Resources 
- 3.3.1 Where do I get Tools or Ore from? How do I mine? 
- 3.3.2 Why does my mine not extract ore from a deposit? 
- 3.3.3 Where did my gold or ore deposit go? 
- 3.3.4 Where is the gold? 
- 3.3.5 Can I have Aristocrats without Gold? 
- 3.3.6 What are north and south islands? 
- 3.3.7 How do islands vary is in size? 
- 3.3.8 Why are my crops dying? 
- 3.3.9 Why do wild animals die? 
- 3.3.10 Are patchy green/brown areas of land less fertile? 
- 3.3.11 Can I clear mountains or rocks? 
3.4 Colony Buildings 
- 3.4.1 How do can I build a ...? 
- 3.4.2 How do I demolish buildings? 
- 3.4.3 What do Gallows do? 
- 3.4.4 How do I get a monument? 
- 3.4.5 What do Palaces, Arches of Triumph and statues do? 
- 3.4.6 Do I need Schools if I have Colleges, Chapels if I have Churches, and 
similar? 
- 3.4.7 What are the advantages of stone roads and squares? 
- 3.4.8 Why can I not build across a river? 
- 3.4.9 How do I build Warehouses? 
- 3.4.10 What do docks do? 
3.5 Colony Development and Events 
- 3.5.1 What does a question mark above a building mean? 
- 3.5.2 Why aren"t my houses developing? 
- 3.5.3 Do I need housing on production islands? 
- 3.5.4 How much of ... will my population need? 
- 3.5.5 What can I do about plague? 
- 3.5.6 Why do fire carts not come to put out fires? 
- 3.5.7 Why do opponents not advance? 
- 3.5.8 How much is buried treasure worth? 
- 3.5.9 What triggers bankruptcy? 
3.6 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 3.6.1 How to set transport routes? 
- 3.6.2 What does the "check your trade routes" message mean? 
- 3.6.3 What are wagons for? 
- 3.6.4 How many market wagons can I have? 
- 3.6.5 How do I trade with Free Traders? 
- 3.6.6 What do Free Traders sell? 
- 3.6.7 Can I trade more from a larger Warehouse? 
- 3.6.8 Why are am I being attacked? 
3.7 Pirates and Natives 
- 3.7.1 Where do pirates come from? 
- 3.7.2 How do you bribe pirates? 
- 3.7.3 Can pirates steal ground units? 
- 3.7.4 What do native curses do? 
- 3.7.5 How do I trade with natives? 
- 3.7.6 Is it normal for natives to walk around my town? 
3.8 Ships 
- 3.8.1 How can I order soldiers to get into and out of ships? 
- 3.8.2 How do I build ships and supply shipyards? 
- 3.8.3 Can I buy ships from other players? 
- 3.8.4 Why does nobody buy the ships I sell? 
- 3.8.5 How can I get more than 33 ships? 
- 3.8.6 How do I repair ships? 
- 3.8.7 How do I mount guns? 
- 3.8.8 Can cargo be retrieved from sunken ships? Can I pirate or capture 
ships? 
- 3.8.9 Can ships be sunk by sea-life? 
- 3.8.10 Can I attack Free Traders? 
- 3.8.11 How can I set a patrol around an island? Can I escort ships? 
3.9 Combat 
- 3.9.1 How can I order soldiers to get into and out of ships? 
- 3.9.2 How do you build ground units? 
- 3.9.3 Is there a limit on the number of ground units I may have? 
- 3.9.4 How do you heal troops? 
- 3.9.5 Why don"t groups of troops work? 
- 3.9.6 How do I retire soldiers? 
- 3.9.7 Can I destroy trees? 
- 3.9.8 Why don"t my towers shoot? 
- 3.9.9 How do I conquer enemies? 
- 3.9.10 Why can"t I delete old roads on an island I have conquered? 
- 3.9.11 Why do I lose money when I take over another players" city? 
- 3.9.12 How do I invade an enemy that keeps on rebuilding walls? 
- 3.9.13 Can I garrison troops? 
3.10 Multiplayer 
- 3.10.1 How can I find online games? 
- 3.10.2 Can different versions be used by different players in multiplayer 
games? 
- 3.10.3 How do you load a multiplayer saved game? 
- 3.10.4 How do you chat? 
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4. Scenarios
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4.1 Tutorials 
- 4.1.1 Overview 
- 4.1.2 Explore 
- 4.1.3 Settle 
- 4.1.4 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 4.1.5 Naval battle 
- 4.1.6 Land battle 
4.2 The End of a Long Trip 
- 4.2.1 Objectives 
- 4.2.2 Resources 
- 4.2.3 Map 
- 4.2.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.2.5 New concepts 
4.3 One Lone Settlement 
- 4.3.1 Objectives 
- 4.3.2 Resources 
- 4.3.3 Map 
- 4.3.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.3.5 New concepts 
- 4.3.6 Secondary colony 
- 4.3.7 Florinz 
4.4 The Search for Ore Deposits 
- 4.4.1 Objectives 
- 4.4.2 Resources 
- 4.4.3 Map 
- 4.4.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.4.5 New concepts 
- 4.4.6 The mission does not finish when using the Dutch version. Why? 
4.5 Peaceful Reign 
- 4.5.1 Objectives 
- 4.5.2 Resources 
- 4.5.3 Map 
- 4.5.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.5.5 New concepts 
- 4.5.6 Mixed trading and colonization strategy 
- 4.5.7 Minimal trading strategy 
4.6 The Test (The Trial) 
- 4.6.1 Objectives 
- 4.6.2 Resources 
- 4.6.3 Map 
- 4.6.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.6.5 New concepts 
4.7 Little Land 
- 4.7.1 Objectives 
- 4.7.2 Resources 
- 4.7.3 Map 
- 4.7.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.7.5 New concepts 
4.8 New Discoveries 
- 4.8.1 Objectives 
- 4.8.2 Resources 
- 4.8.3 Map 
- 4.8.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.8.5 New concepts 
- 4.8.6 Land grab 
- 4.8.7 How do I get a 500 trade balance? 
- 4.8.8 One AI player does not settle. What happened? 
4.9 Good Neigbors 
- 4.9.1 Objectives 
- 4.9.2 Resources 
- 4.9.3 Map 
- 4.9.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.9.5 New concepts 
- 4.9.6 I have enough money, goods and the right people, but the largest other 
island is stuck at 9xx inhabitants. What did I forget? 
- 4.9.7 Does it matter which neighbour I help? 
4.10 Dark Clouds on the Horizon 
- 4.10.1 Objectives 
- 4.10.2 Resources 
- 4.10.3 Map 
- 4.10.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.10.5 Colony development 
- 4.10.6 Early combat strategy 
- 4.10.7 Trading strategy 
4.11 Competition 
- 4.11.1 Objectives 
- 4.11.2 Resources 
- 4.11.3 Map 
- 4.11.4 Strategy overview 
4.12 The Monopoly 
- 4.12.1 Objectives 
- 4.12.2 Resources 
- 4.12.3 Map 
- 4.12.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.12.5 What is a trade balance? 
- 4.12.6 Can I share an island with another player? 
- 4.12.7 Why did I get deposed? 
4.13 Cooperation 
- 4.13.1 Objectives 
- 4.13.2 Resources 
- 4.13.3 Map 
- 4.13.4 Strategy overview 
4.14 The Alliance 
- 4.14.1 Objectives 
- 4.14.2 Resources 
- 4.14.3 Map 
- 4.14.4 Strategy overview 
4.15 A Plague of Pirates 
- 4.15.1 Objectives 
- 4.15.2 Resources 
- 4.15.3 Map 
- 4.15.4 Strategy overview 
- 4.15.5 Pirates 
- 4.15.6 Economy 
4.16 The Intruder 
- 4.16.1 Objectives 
- 4.16.2 Resources 
- 4.16.3 Map 
- 4.16.4 Strategy overview 
4.17 The Fortress 
- 4.17.1 Objectives 
- 4.17.2 Resources 
- 4.17.3 Map 
- 4.17.4 Strategy overview 
4.18 NINA Campaigns and Scenarios 
- 4.18.1 What is the order of the NINA campaigns and scenarios? 
- 4.18.2 New Horizons: Halfway There: How do I get started? 
- 4.18.3 New Horizons: To Each His Own Island: Why can"t I build an Iron mine? 
Why can"t I get tools? 
- 4.18.4 New Horizons: To Each His Own Island: Why does the game not finish? 
- 4.18.5 New Horizons: Appearance can be Deceiving: How do I finish? 
- 4.18.6 Trust No One: Humility Is a Virtue: How do I keep the other players 
friendly? 
- 4.18.7 Trust No One: Humility Is a Virtue: How do I find the Gold needed to 
create 1200 Aristocrats? 
- 4.18.8 Trust No One: The Thief: How to get started? 
- 4.18.9 The Magnate: Gold Rush: How to finish? 
- 4.18.10 The Magnate: Spice Monopoly: What"s the objective? 
- 4.18.11 Unfriendly Neighbors: Break the Spice Monopoly: What"s the 
objective? 
- 4.18.12 At His Majesty"s Service: Veni, vidi, veci: My trade balance is 
above 500. Why does the game not end? 
- 4.18.13 At His Majesty"s Service: At all Costs: How to get started? 
- 4.18.14 Delusions of Grandeur: How to get enough Aristocrats? 
- 4.18.15 Fireland: How to get Tools? 
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5. Strategies
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5.1 Colony Planning and Building 
- 5.1.1 Initial colony building 
- 5.1.2 City planning 
- 5.1.3 Ultimate city designs 
5.2 Industry Planning and Building 
- 5.2.1 Limited island resources 
- 5.2.2 Planning and construction 
- 5.2.3 Ultimate industry designs 
- 5.2.4 Ore and Stone 
- 5.2.5 Food supply 
- 5.2.6 Vines or Sugarcane to produce Liquor? 
- 5.2.7 Sheep farms or Cotton plantations for Cloth? 
5.3 Colony Management 
- 5.3.1 Tax 
- 5.3.2 Alternative uses for market wagons 
- 5.3.3 Fires 
5.4 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 5.4.1 Trade 
- 5.4.2 Trade routes 
- 5.4.3 War or peace? 
- 5.4.4 Alliances 
5.5 Pirates and Natives 
- 5.5.1 Dealing with natives 
- 5.5.2 Dealing with Pirates 
5.6 Military Units 
- 5.6.1 Ship choice 
- 5.6.2 Ground unit choice 
5.7 Military Tactics 
- 5.7.1 Economic warfare 
- 5.7.2 Defence 
- 5.7.3 Invasions 
- 5.7.4 Destroying towers 
- 5.7.5 Naval battles 
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6. Cheating, Editing and Custom Scenarios
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- 6.1 What are the cheat codes? 
- 6.2 How do I access all the scenarios? 
- 6.3 Are there other gameplay "cheats"? 
- 6.4 Are there any trainers? 
- 6.5 Can I create scenarios and custom maps? 
- 6.6 Can I create custom islands? 
- 6.7 Where can I get custom scenarios and maps? How do I play them? 
- 6.8 Can I play custom scenarios without NINA? 
- 6.9 Can I create campaigns from scenarios? 
- 6.10 What are the editor codes? 
- 6.11 Can I open a saved game in the editor? 
- 6.12 Can I change the music? 
- 6.13 Can I place treasure using the editor? 
- 6.14 Can damaged ships or buildings be set in the editor? 
- 6.15 How do the editor"s passivity and activity settings work? 
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7. Technical Issues
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- 7.1 Why does installation under Windows XP/2000 fail with file name too long 
or similar error messages? 
- 7.2 Does the game run under Windows XP/2000? Why does it crash during 
battles or after an hour of play? Got any troubleshooting tips? 
- 7.3 How do I backup the game prior to reinstalling? How do I move savegames 
between machines? 
- 7.4 Can I save more than 12 games? 
- 7.5 How do you take screenshots? 
- 7.6 Why can I not see the cursor in-game? 
- 7.7 Have you got any suggestions for dealing with CD-ROM problems? 
- 7.8 How do I play across a firewall? 
- 7.9 Why do online multiplayer games crash frequently? 
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8. And Finally...
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- 8.1 Don"t you hate it when... 
- 8.2 That"s odd... 
- 8.3 Ways you can tell that you play 1602 too much... 
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Appendices
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- A. Building and Industry Data 
- B. Production Links 
- C. Population per Industry 
- D. Production Efficiency 
- E. Military Data 
- F. Final Score 
- G. AI Trade Prices 
- H. Keyboard Shortcuts 

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1. PREFACE
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1.1 Notes
This FAQ is based on the original United Kingdom English version, which was 
called "Anno 1602 - Creation of a New World". It does not specifically cover 
the new elements in the NINA expansion, which was included in the North 
America and Australia version "1602 A.D.", and the Gold/Kings editions. These 
later versions are all based on the original, and the core of the game is the 
same for all versions. Where possible, I have integrated information relevant 
only to the NINA expansion. For a full explanation of the different versions, 
see "Anno 1602" or "1602 AD"? What are NINA, the Gold Edition and 
Konigsedition? How many different versions are there? below. 
Anno 1602 is well documented in German, with many fan sites and a published 
strategy guide by Markus Betz. A basic German FAQ was written by stormbringer 
in 1998. It was translated into English by Manny and Neferankh, and can be 
found here, http://1602.2y.net/ . This FAQ attempts to take a slightly 
different approach: To pool a lot of knowledge found on forums into a single 
English language reference document, with a walkthrough, strategy guide, 
technical support notes, and lots of data. This FAQ was awarded the title "FAQ 
of the Month" for April 2003 by GameFAQs. Cool. 
You may notice that some names are used inconsistently. For example "Alcohol" 
is interchangable with "Liquor", and there are several different variations on 
"Fire Department". Some of these reflect laziness on the part of the author, 
some reflect inconsistency between the game and manual, others reflect 
translations of words from one language version of the game to another. Common 
sense should hopefully be sufficient to determine what names refer to what 
things.
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1.2 Credits and Legal
This FAQ was written by Tim Howgego (also known as timski), copyright 2003-
2004, unless otherwise stated. Errors and suggestions should be reported to 
tim (at) capsu (dot) org. Please put "1602" somewhere in the email subject 
field. This FAQ includes ideas and strategies posted on Sunflowers" forum ( 
http://www.sunflowers.de/cgi-bin/ubb/Ultimate.cgi ), the official site ( 
http://www.anno1602.de/ ), and found lurking on fan sites, especially 
http://1602.2y.net/ and http://www.anno-zone.de/Charlie/index.html (archive of 
http://www.tat.physik.uni-tuebingen.de/~kaufmann/ANNO1602/ ) - contributors 
are noted with the relevant text. Special thanks to prolific forum posters 
like FrankB, Budgie, Zomby Woof and Gunter, without whom this FAQ would be 
much less detailed than it is, and Manfred for (among other things) posting 
these words in December 2000: "There are so many questions and even more 
answers on this board, it"ll take a life time to re-read all the posts and put 
them in a halfway decent order..." This FAQ is in the public domain: You may 
copy and repost this FAQ, but the content of the document, including the 
credits, must remain unchanged. Informing the author that you are hosting it 
is appreciated, but not mandatory. Ensuring you host the most recent version 
is also appreciated, but not mandatory. Trademarks and copyright are owned by 
their respective trademark and copyright holders. This is not an official FAQ. 
It is not endorsed by the game"s developers or publishers.
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1.3 Version
This is version 1.02, 16 February 2004. Added extra editor notes, Spice 
Monopoly, and a myriad of other changes and additions reflecting discussions 
over the last 8 months.
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1.4 Most Frequently Asked Questions
The most frequently asked question is "how do I load troops onto my ship?" 
This is totally unintuitive because it needs more than a simple mouse click. 
The answer: Move the ship next to the coast; select the military unit(s) to 
load on the ship; [Ctrl] + click on the ship; the unit(s) will board the ship. 
Those purchasing budget versions of the game often ask (or should ask) about 
the manual, which is on the CD, but with no indication that it is lurking 
there - see Where is the manual? under Gameplay. The most frequently asked 
technical issue relates to Windows 2000/XP crashing sometime after play starts 
- see Does the game run under Windows XP/2000? Why does it crash during 
battles or after an hour of play? Got any troubleshooting tips? under 
Technical Issues. Those who are inclined to cheat often either cannot get the 
cheat codes to function, or spend hours inputting hoax codes - see What are 
the cheat codes? under Cheating, Editing and Custom Scenarios. The most common 
strategy questions relate to making money early in the game (read some Initial 
colony building strategies, and examine some Tax strategies) and getting Tools 
(see Where do I get Tools from? How do I mine? under Gameplay).
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2. INTRODUCTION
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2.1 What is Anno 1602?
Anno 1602 is a real time strategy game, set in the Early Modern (around the 
17th century) period of history. The game is based around colony building and 
resource management on a series of small islands. It includes aspects of 
exploration, combat, diplomacy and trade. It is set in the same period as Sid 
Meier"s Colonization, but involves more detailed colony management, with no 
"Old World" politics. Parts, like expansion and movement of resources, are 
similar to the early Settlers games. 1602 is an economic, rather than combat, 
orientated strategy game. Players are rarely challenged in battle. The game 
design is noteworthy for its attempt to implement a "progressive" AI 
(Artificial Intelligence). This should mean that the pace of the game changes 
in response to how quickly players act.
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2.2 Who developed Anno 1602?
The game was developed by Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software ( 
http://www.sunflowers.de/ ) subsidiary, Max Design. Programming was by Albert 
Lasser and Wilfried Reiter, animation and artwork by Ulli Koller and Martin 
Lasser, music by Marcus Pitzer, and production by Juergen Reusswig. The game 
was published variously by Bomico (first in Germany), Infogrames, GT 
Interactive Software, Infogrames again, and Electronic Arts. It sold more than 
1.7 million copies worldwide. Albert Lasser and Wilfried Reiter originally 
wrote "1869", a 1992 DOS/Amiga game set in a similar historic period, but with 
more emphasis on a trading from a single ship. Anno 1602 has a sequel, Anno 
1503/1503 AD, released in 2002/2003.
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2.3 What are the minimum requirements?
Windows 95/98 (can normally be made to work with Windows 2000 or XP - see 
Technical Issues below for tweaks and fixes), Pentium 100, 16MB RAM, 2MB PCI 
graphics card, 4-speed CD-ROM drive, 85 MB hard drive space, SoundBlaster or 
compatible with DirectX support, and mouse. The game requires DirectX 6 or 
later.
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2.4 "Anno 1602" or "1602 AD"? What are NINA, the Gold Edition and 
Konigsedition? How many different versions are there?
Anno 1602 was first released as a German title in 1997. In 1998 Anno 1602 was 
released in Europe and Japan, with versions in English (United Kingdom), 
French, Dutch, Spanish, Italian, Polish and Japanese. This second release is 
sometimes referred to as the "International" edition. 
An expansion set "Neue Inseln, Neue Abenteuer" (NINA - New Islands, New 
Adventures) was released for the German version in the same year. Shark_Dus 
lists NINA"s features as: "Map editor, Watermill, Option to release unused 
military, Option to sink unused ships, Subdirectory "own scenarios", 
Additional videos, Additional music, Extended limit of 33 ships, Extended 
limit of production facilities (in total and per island), A frame showing the 
current screen on the survey map [this appears in some of the International 
versions too], Warehouse/market opens with a double click, More activity on 
the ocean (whales, dolphins, octopus), More activity on the streets (children 
running, a gambler in front of every market), Volcano eruptions from time to 
time, Better AI, 20 additional scenarios in 6 campaigns, 7 new singleplayer 
scenarios, 30 additional multiplayer-scenarios." 
In 2000 the game was released in North America and Australia as "1602 A.D.", a 
version that included the original game, expansion and patches. An 
"International" (primarily United Kingdom and Dutch) "Anno 1602 - Gold 
Edition" was released in 2000/2001, which similarly contained the expansion 
and patches. This version almost wasn"t produced at all (Infogrames rather 
lost interest...), and it was not widely distributed. 
From Shark_Dus: "[Germany] also had an additional mission pack, 9 months 
later, "In the name of the king" ("Im Namen des Konigs") from a different 
publisher (but authorized by Sunflowers): 27 scenarios in 6 additional 
campaigns, 8 single-player scenarios, 5 multi-player scenarios." The final 
German version was the Konigsedition (Kings Edition), released in 1999. It 
included the original game, *both* expansions, and patches.
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2.5 Where can I get demos and patches?
Demos and current patches are available from Sunflowers, 
http://www.sunflowers.de/english/downloads/anno1602.shtml and 
http://www.anno1602.de/ . 
From Jochen Bauer: "Do not use the patches with the US version of 1602. 
- Patch 5 for Anno 1602: Download Patch 5 and follow the instructions of the 
installation-assistant. This patch is for all players who have installed Anno 
1602 without the expansion set "New Islands, New Adventures". This patch is 
only for German versions of Anno 1602. 
- Patch 5 for the expansion set "New Islands, New Adventures": Download Patch 
5 and follow the instructions of the installation-assistant. This patch is for 
all players who have installed Anno 1602 and the expansion set "New Islands, 
New Adventures". This patch is only for German versions of the expansion pack 
"New Islands, New Adventures". 
- Patch 1.04 for the Dutch version of Anno 1602: Download Patch 1.04 and 
follow the instructions of the installation-assistant. This patch is for all 
players who have installed Anno 1602 - Dutch version. 
- Patch 5 for all countries except Japan and Netherlands: Download the 
soundpatch and follow the instructions of the installation-assistant. This is 
a patch for all international versions except the Japanese version of "Anno 
1602 - Creation of a New World", which fixes the double sound problem with 
some PCI sound cards running under Windows 98. 
- Patch 2 for the Japanese version: Download the Soundpatch and follow the 
instructions of the installation-assistant. This is a patch for the Japanese 
version of "Anno 1602 - Creation of a New World", which fixes the double sound 
problem with some PCI sound cards running under Windows 98."
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2.6 What expansions and addons are there?
The only Sunflowers expansion is NINA (Neue Inseln, Neue Abenteuer/New 
Islands, New Adventures), which is included within 1602 A.D. and Gold/Kings 
editions by default. NINA was only released as a stand-alone expansion in 
German. A second expansion, Im Namen des Konigs (In the name of the king), was 
also released only in German, and is also included in the Konigsedition. 
Unofficial addons have appeared, including "Pirate"s Isle" and "A.D. - The 
Conquest Continues". Various custom scenarios are also available for download 
and use by those with NINA based versions - see Where can I get custom 
scenarios and maps? How do I play them? below.
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2.7 Can I run the game on Linux?
Officially no, however - from cipher: "This game almost works on Linux 
completely. Only thing that I haven"t been able to get working is the 
Multiplayer feature. The single player works fine because when you hit the 
single player button it loads it within the same screen. Multiplayer, however, 
loads a new screen from what I"ve been told and that causes it to freeze 
(using 100% CPU, and due to Dxgrab, mouse is stuck in the window). I"ve been 
using Winex to try this game."
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==============================================================================
3. GAMEPLAY
==============================================================================

This section contains short answers to specific commonly asked questions. 
Associated Strategies are contained in a later section. For gameplay related 
"exploits", see Are there other gameplay "cheats"? below. This section assumes 
one has at least skimmed through the manual, attempted to play the game and/or 
completed the tutorials: It does not cover absolutely everything, just topics 
which have confused new player enough for them to ask the question.
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______________________________________________________________________________
3.1 Essential Concepts
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3.1.1 How are resources revealed?
Sail your ship to close to each island. Once stopped, selected the "eye" icon, 
which explores the island. You must let the red bar around the eye fill to 
complete exploration. Exploration will determine what special crops can be 
grown, and what ores (if any) can be mined. Special crop are Cocoa, Cotton, 
Spices, Sugarcane, Tobacco and Vines. Grain and trees do not require specific 
soils, and can be grown wherever there is room. The same applies to the 
grazing of livestock. Once explored, suitability is shown by moving the cursor 
over the island: It will display something like "Cocoa 100%, Cotton 50%, 
Spices 100%", meaning these three crops can be grown here, but if Cotton is 
grown, half the crop fields will fail. Iron ore deposits are shown as a pair 
of hammers over the mountain. Gold deposits appear in a similar way. Islands 
without mountains do not contain ore deposits. 
Lord Khang has a warning about exploration: "I prematurely ended my 
"scouting". When I came back to finish scouting it did not give me the scout 
out island button again. Later in the game, after the computer had settled 
that same island, I went and looked at it and bingo, the computer had dropped 
a gold mine in one of the mountainsides... I needed the gold, so I whacked 
him, but it would not let me build a Gold mine in the same mountain."
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3.1.2 How is territory gained?
You may only build in territory within the service area of your Warehouses and 
Market places. Initial colonization requires a Warehouse to be built. The 
Warehouse is the only buildings that you build from a ship moored next to the 
island. The ship needs to have the required materials (6 Wood, 3 Tools) and 
you also need 100 coins available. For further expansion into new areas of the 
island, you must build Market places. Build these at the limit of your 
existing territory and if the territory was unclaimed, your territory will be 
expanded. If the territory is already claimed by another player, you"ll need 
to destroy their Market places, Warehouses, and any military towers using your 
military.
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3.1.3 What limits how I develop colonies?
Individual buildings require different volumes of raw materials - coins, Wood, 
Bricks, Tools and/or Cannon. Most buildings are only available to build once 
you have met or exceeded specific population requirements. These requirements 
involve having a minimum number of people at a certain civilization level. 
There are five levels, starting from Pioneer, which is what you get when you 
build new housing. A list is contained within the Building and Industry Data 
in the appendices. All housing requires Food. In order to develop, housing 
must be supplied with different goods, and provided with access to different 
facilities. For example, to develop from Pioneer to Settler, the population 
must be supplied with Cloth, and have access to a Chapel and Market place, in 
addition to being fed and not being over-taxed. Basic demands can normally be 
met from one island, but the higher civilization levels require many goods, 
some of which must come from other colonies.
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3.1.4 How does cashflow work? What costs are there?
Taxation is the main source of revenue. Civilization level is the primarily 
determinant of taxation. The most advanced (Aristocrat) housing can house 20 
times as many people as the basic (Pioneer) housing. More people means more 
potential tax revenue. Buildings require coin to build, in addition to 
construction materials. Buildings, except houses, have an operating cost, 
which needs to be met. In some cases this can be reduced by de-activating the 
building. Ships and ground units require coin to build/train (in addition to 
construction materials. Military units require upkeep to be paid in coins. 
Ships may need repairs if they become damaged, which requires repair materials 
(Cloth and Wood). From Robitoby: "Tax collection and taking away the 
production-costs from your money, happens all together within 60 seconds at 
speed F5. Means if one of your inhabitant-groups says you get 500 gold it 
would mean you"ll have these within 60 seconds." Trade with other players, 
Free Traders and pirates is based on exchange of coin for cargo. Trade with 
natives does not require coin - one exchanges cargoes. All coin expenditure 
and revenue is shown on the Player Status screen. Military upkeep is included 
with Military Cost, not Operating Cost. Certain expenditure, like trade, is 
only partly averaged out over time. This can lead to temporary oddities and 
extreme values, notably when reloading a game. Shark_Dus writes: "The 
financial data is updated constantly. The irritating thing is, that the AI of 
the game splits your trading volume (sales and purchases) in 10 pieces and 
spreads this volume over 10 consecutive cycles (1 cycle = approximately 1 
minute). Then it averages the last 10 cycles, so that the financial data shows 
some purchase even when you did not purchase anything within the last 9 
minutes." Coin is pooled across all islands - there is only one treasury per 
player. This varies from commodities/production, which are island-specific.
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3.1.5 Must I keep my people happy?
Ensure that they don"t become unhappy for long. Unhappy residents will leave 
and cause housing to decay. Mildly annoyed residents will not develop their 
houses. Happier residents may allow taxes to be increased, and will eventually 
fill available housing space. It is important to differentiate between demands 
and needs. Demands are those things the population want to upgrade their 
houses. You do not have to meet those demands for the current population to 
remain happy. For example, Settlers would like a Tavern, because it is one of 
the things that will allow them to upgrade to Citizens; however Settlers do 
not need a Tavern to remain happy Settlers. Needs are more critical: For 
example, deprive the population of food and they will become unhappy because 
they are starving.
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3.1.6 Is territory important?
In order to develop many facilities, you will need a lot of space. Cities need 
as much space on one island as possible, in order to fit in all the public 
buildings needed by advanced civilisation levels. Some or all of the city"s 
demands can be produced on other islands, and then shipped to your main city 
island. Sometimes you will not be able to control all the territory you need 
to produce everything, and will be forced to trade with other players. 
Although multiple players can settle the same island, this leads to tension 
and war, and the relatively small size of most islands means it is common for 
one player to wholly own each of the islands they have colonies on.
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3.1.7 How do service areas work?
Buildings that produce things need to have access to the raw materials they 
need within their service area. For example, for a Weaver"s hut to function, 
it needs to have sources of Wool (Sheep farms or Cotton plantations) in its 
service area. Alternatively, both industries need access to a Market place or 
Warehouse on the same island. The overall transport requirement tends to be 
lower when industries can find the raw materials they need without using 
Market places, although with clever colony design, Market place based supply 
can be the most efficient. The service area is the highlighted area you see 
around the buildings when you build or click on it. The same logic applies to 
public buildings, but in reverse. For example, only housing in the service 
area of a Fire department will be protected when fires start.
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3.1.8 How do roads and carts work?
Most buildings need to be linked with roads. Roads need to touch at least one 
square of one side of each building. Buildings do not need to be aligned to 
roads. Road connections make buildings accessible to carts and fire trolleys. 
Buildings that produce items will store them in the building after production. 
Production buildings have limited storage capacity. If storage capacity is 
filled, production will stop. If a road connection is available, a cart will 
eventually run out from a nearby Warehouse or Market place, pick up the stock 
and return. Once the stock has arrived at the Warehouse or Market place, it is 
available for other uses on the same island, or shipment elsewhere. Each 
market place adds two carts. Travel speeds can be increased by paving the 
roads (cobbles and squares). Having good road networks and enough carts to 
service all your buildings is essential. 
There are two exceptions to cart transport, both involving industries that 
source their raw materials by using donkeys or walking to the supply of raw 
materials: (1) Stonemasons will walk to the Quarry, mine stone, and then bring 
it back to the Stonemason"s hut. In this case, carts will never take stone 
from the Quarry - they will only transport Bricks created at the Stonemason"s 
hut. (2) In certain other cases, such as Sheep farms, Weavers will walk to the 
farm to fetch the Wool, so roads are not required. However, any excess Wool 
that needs to be moved into your warehouse does require road access. Not 
placing roads in the last case prevents large excess amounts of production 
from being stored. The second case applies to most basic farm types, Ore 
smelting, and shipyards.
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3.1.9 How does production work?
Primary production involves growing and harvesting crops or livestock, or 
mining. Secondary production is often needed to process these into useful 
goods. Most production is a simple case of taking one raw material to a 
processing industry, and returning with the finished product. In a few cases, 
two items need to be used for production to occur. For example, Ore smelters 
require Ore and Wood to produce Iron. Sometimes more than one production 
process is needed. For example, after Iron is produced it is made into Tools 
or weapons before it has any proper use. End products are consumed by your 
population, or used by your military (ships, troop training, etc). Appendix B 
shows Production Links, appendix D shows Production Efficiency.
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______________________________________________________________________________
3.2 Setup and Interface
______________________________________________________________________________

3.2.1 Where is the manual?
Earlier versions shipped with a printed manual. Later versions (including the 
US version) have a manual as 1602manu.pdf on the CD, which opens in Acrobat 
Reader. Most of the manual text is also available here, http://1602.2y.net/ . 
[This is asked quite a lot.]
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3.2.2 What are the differences between continuous play difficulty settings?
Based on the observations of Charlie, when comparing the Easy and Difficult 
settings: 20,000 starting coins on Easy, 10,000 at harder settings; 30-50% 
less chance of finding suitable land for crops at the hardest setting; 75% 
less chance of finding large (endless?) ore deposits at the hardest setting; 
less chance of finding treasure at harder settings; pirates in all except the 
easiest, with increased pirate activity at harder settings. You cannot opt to 
have fewer AI player opponents in the continuous game.
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3.2.3 How do I pause?
Press the Pause key. From Helen: "Or press [alt]+[tab] to pause, the game 
minimizes. Or you can press the question mark, the statistics comes up, and 
pauses the game aswell." MWHC has a method that allows one to pause and view 
the map (may not work on all versions): "Shift+P will bring up the screenshot 
window. Move it aside to gain a view over your island. When you are done, just 
move back your window and cancel the "save"-window."
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3.2.4 How does the game end?
Scenarios have specific objectives which you must meet - often related to 
population. Continuous play mode has no fixed objectives, and it is up to the 
player to decide when to finish. This can confuse some players, who defeat all 
the other players and expect the game to end. Games may be played to maximise 
Final Score, details of which are given in the appendices.
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3.2.5 Can you change the names of colonies and ships?
Yes. Manfred writes: "Click on your City or Ship name tag and use "backspace" 
to erase the old name. Now type the name of your choosing (for example, 
"Cottonville" for your cotton producing island) and hit "enter"."
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3.2.6 Is there an undo button?
No. Reload a save game if the problem you wish to undo is dire.
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3.2.7 How do I meet a "balance" objective?
Shark_Dus writes: "There are two different types of balance: (1) total balance 
= tax income+trade income - production costs+military+purchasing goods; (2) 
trade balance = only traded goods count (sales and purchases)."
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3.2.8 Can I see the objectives during play?
Yes. Nemo writes: "Select the options screen. Above the floppy disk icon for 
loading/saving games, click on the capital "A" (A = Assignment)."
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3.3 Resources
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3.3.1 Where do I get Tools or Ore from? How do I mine?
Initially, buy Tools from Free Traders or Pirates, or buy Ore from traders, 
smelt it and then make Tools. Tools can initially be brought for 71 coins (or 
just above), more later in the game. Robitoby writes: "The free traders have 
inexhaustible tool-stock as long as no one started to produce them. Once 
someone produced the first tools, their stock gets down until they have to buy 
from someone who sells them." Remember that your initial ship normally carries 
a large number of Tools. Budgie adds: "In case you buy Ore from the Free 
Traders - pay no more than 45 coins per ton." Manfred writes: "As soon as 
someone on the map has a mine, even if it"s you, the traders will sell ore." 
Dread Pirate Terry writes: "To get more tools you have to have settled on an 
island with an ore deposit (hammers circling above an ore nugget above a 
mountain). After you have 120 settlers you will be able to build a small ore 
mine in the side of the mountain. Next you build an ore smelter (ore plus wood 
goes in, iron comes out). When you build a tool maker, every ton of iron is 
turned into two tons of tools. For efficiency, it"s good to have a marketplace 
close to the ore mine, along with the smelter and tool maker for speedier 
transport between the different parts of the production chain." Budgie adds: 
"The first one to start working is the smelter. He needs ore and wood. When 
you have it in your marketplace, he sends a mule to get it automatically. As 
soon as your smelter produced his first iron, the toolmaker will take it to 
work it up." 
On stone quarries, Budgie writes: "You can place a quarry only at the bottom 
of medium or large mountains. Make sure the place is within the influence area 
of your marketplace or warehouse. When you got a suitable place (must be a 
straight line of rocks) you will see a flashing quarry silhouette."
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3.3.2 Why does my mine not extract ore from a deposit?
From the official FAQ: "You probably built a normal iron mine, whose supply is 
eventually exhausted. Now you have to build a deep iron mine to get at the 
rest of the ore."
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3.3.3 Where did my gold or ore deposit go?
Ore deposits may eventually be exhausted due to mining. From FrankB: "If you 
don"t have a mountain with endless ore, your deep iron ore mine will run out 
after 240t of ore (that includes the first 80t you already mined with the 
small one). Generally, there are three ore deposits possible: small (80t), big 
(240t), and endless." Robitoby comments: "The deep ore-mine has 2 
possibilities, but you will only know which one is the case after you built it 
and let it work for a while: (1) Deep ore-mine runs out after 240 tons have 
been delivered. (2) Deep ore-mine is inexhaustible." All big ore mines on the 
same map will be the same type - all either finite or all inexhaustible (from 
Sir Henry). In later versions, volcanic eruptions will make any deposits in 
volcanoes impossible to mine. 
Gold deposits are not exhausted by mining. However, destroying natives on the 
same island may remove any Gold deposit. Guardian suggests this only occurs in 
later versions of the game, not in the original. From robbie47: "When the 
natives have explored the goldmine [and you then destroy the natives], the 
gold will be gone and the headman"s curse will prevent you from getting any 
gold. However, when the gold is within their territory but they don"t have a 
mine, it"s yours after you conquer their land. The headman will curse you, but 
that does not make a difference to the gold." 
Sir Henry explains the game design logic behind Iron being exhuastible and 
Gold generally being inexhuastible: "Iron ore is only needed as long as you 
build. Once you have built everything you do not need any ore/iron/tools any 
more. That"s why ore deposits may be exhaustible. On the contrary, gold is 
needed even after building is finished, that is why gold deposits are 
inexhaustible."
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3.3.4 Where is the gold?
Gold deposits tend to be in short supply on most maps, however there is 
normally at least one deposit. However, as Gunter notes: "In some of the 
continuous maps there"s no gold, it"s one of the few bugs of the game. I 
suggest that you restart with another map."
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3.3.5 Can I have Aristocrats without Gold?
From FrankB: "To be exact, your people needs one ton of it to upgrade - 
provided you have for at least a short time full supplies of all goods. After 
the first house upgraded, you can stop delivering jewelleries - lower the 
taxes a bit, and your people will be happy (they will demand jewellery, but 
even without it you can get monuments)." From Dread Pirate Terry: "Aristocrats 
with jewellery pay 35% taxes, those without pay 31-32%." For a slightly under-
hand method of creating small volumes of Gold, see Are there other gameplay 
"cheats"? below.
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3.3.6 What are north and south islands?
Islands in the north of the map tend to be suitable for farming Tobacco, Vines 
and Sugarcane. Islands in the south tend to be suitable for farming Cocoa, 
Cotton and Spices. From anto: "Islands with palm trees are the southern, and 
the ones with pine trees are the northern." Grain, Wood and livestock will 
grow fully any island.
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3.3.7 How do islands vary is in size?
Manfred writes: "There are five size categories for islands in 1602: (1) 
large, size 100x90, file name laryy.scp; (2) big, size 70x60, file name 
bigyy.scp; (3) medium, size 50x52, file name medyy.scp; (4) small, size 40x40, 
file name mityy.scp; (5) little, size 30x30, file name lityy.scp." Guardian 
adds: "The large type came with NINA."
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3.3.8 Why are my crops dying?
During droughts all crops will die - there is nothing you can do about this, 
except wait. You do not need to replant drought-afflicted crops. A proportion 
of special crop (Tobacco, Vines, Sugarcane, Cocoa, Cotton and Spice) fields 
planted on islands with less than 100% suitability, will die. Neferankh 
writes: "No matter how many times you replant, the crop will not grow on all 
squares unless your island has the crop at 100%." Charlie discovered a pattern 
for which fields dry up and which do not on 50% suitable islands. The pattern, 
three blocks of which are shown below, repeats across the island. "F" shows 
fields which will not dry up, "-" indicates a field that will dry up:
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 F - F F F - F F F - F F
 F - - F F - - F F - - F
 - F F - - F F - - F F -
 F - F - F - F - F - F -
 F F - - F F - - F F - -
 F - F F F - F F F - F F
 - - F - - - F - - - F -
 - F - - - F - - - F - -

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3.3.9 Why do wild animals die?
Deer require a mixture of trees and open land to survive. Eric Lorah writes: 
"Apparently even too many trees will kill them." Robitoby writes: "Deer/elks 
die when they eat Tobacco/Spices/Cotton/Sugarcrane, no matter if the balance 
of wood-free fields still is good for them. Strangely they survive eating 
wine."
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3.3.10 Are patchy green/brown areas of land less fertile?
From the game"s readme file: "Some islands not only have fertile topsoil, but 
also desert and steppes. If you plant crops in one of these areas they will 
grow more slowly." From robbie47: "It is less fertile soil, the agricultural 
production is supposed to be lower there. I actually never noticed a 
difference though."
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3.3.11 Can I clear mountains or rocks?
No.
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3.4 Colony Buildings
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3.4.1 How do can I build a ...?
Buildings require construction materials, coin, flat land, and certain 
population requirements to be met. For requirements, see the Building and 
Industry Data in the appendices. Construction materials must be available on 
the island you are trying to build, meaning in your Warehouse on that island; 
not in your ship"s hold (except for the first Warehouse on an island), or on 
another island. You can only build within your territory (see How is territory 
gained? above).
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3.4.2 How do I demolish buildings?
Use the demolition (hammer) tool on the build menu. Llgrzzy adds "...also you 
can delete an area by left clicking where you want to start and drag the mouse 
to the spot you want to stop." Helen notes: "If you want to delete your 
warehouse, you have to demolish all buildings first on the island." Also, take 
care when deleting market places - you can give up settled territory.
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3.4.3 What do Gallows do?
From Eric Lorah: "There is a thug/robber that goes after the cartmen. The 
gallows is supposed to keep him away." Zomby Woof comments: "The thief only 
appears on islands with houses on it." FrankB comments: "I do not build the 
gallows anymore; I could not see any effect of it, I do not like it, and it 
costs me money. The robber appears with and without gallows." Carl"s 
experience: "I put a hangman [Gallows] at a busy intersection near the 
warehouse. The little green mugger dude came out of the house right there on 
that corner and thumped the cart guy and took his goodies. Right in front of 
the Hangman."
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3.4.4 How do I get a monument?
Mircea writes: "You get a monument (Arch of Triumph) every time you defeat an 
enemy and one when pirates are defeated [if the scenario specifies them as 
enemies]. You get a Gold Statue after playing the game for 30 minutes on 
normal speed, with your people "happy"." Your population need to be at least 
Citizens. FrankB adds: "Have a look in your build menu, public buildings. 
There you will find the triumphal arches [and other monuments], provided you 
really defeated the AI." Normally there are no more than three opponents. 
However, Charlie reports that if sufficiently large empty islands remain after 
defeating the original opponents, new competitors will emerge. This may allow 
many more Arches of Triumph to be built. Palaces and Cathedrals can only be 
built once per game.
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3.4.5 What do Palaces, Arches of Triumph and statues do?
They look great :-) . On Palaces, Robbie47 adds: "And you can increase the 
taxes for a while." Charlie suggests this effect lasts no more than 30 
minutes. Zomby Woof adds: "Same effect with the cathedral." You can only have 
one Palace and one Cathedral, but you may have many statues. From Eric Lorah: 
"You get one statue for each "satisfaction" point." Dread Pirate Terry writes: 
"I only build statues and monuments on palace islands when I"m feeling 
particularly vain. ... Monuments just take up space that can be better used 
for something productive."
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3.4.6 Do I need Schools if I have Colleges, Chapels if I have Churches, and 
similar?
No. So long as the higher-level building covers the houses covered by the 
earlier building, you do not need to retain the earlier public building. 
Manfred writes: "As soon as you can build the church, you can destroy the 
chapels within the influence area of the church. Same goes for 
cathedral/church and college/school."
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3.4.7 What are the advantages of stone roads and squares?
Carts move along them quicker. Stone bridges cannot burn, like wooden ones. 
The game"s readme file says: "Dirt roads are slowest and squares are fastest." 
Charlie, citing Gamestar July 1998, suggests carts move 30% quicker along 
paved roads. Stormbringer comments that Squares allow market carts to run 
diagonally, thereby reducing the time taken to move along a diagonals and to 
turn corners. From Robitoby: "It seems like the cart-drivers are moving even 
faster on squares than on stone-roads ... [but] the mule will be slow as hell 
always. ... Square 3 is fastest. I checked it. On squares the cart driver is 
even faster than on roads and on square 3 he moves fastest." Dread Pirate 
Terry notes: "The added speed on squares doesn"t matter much in the case of 
the cart-pushers BUT, it can make a difference to the fire-fighters and 
doctors." Manny adds: "Squares have another advantage over dirt and 
cobblestone roads: they don"t get destroyed during volcano eruptions."
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3.4.8 Why can I not build across a river?
Rivers can only be bridged at straight sections of the river, not on corners. 
AnnoDan1602 notes: "I put 10 bridges next to each other over a river. Then one 
of my wagons started going up river on the bridges, using them like a normal 
road." City walls cannot be built over rivers except by the coast. From 
chrishillcoat: "You can build walls over the mouth of a river... but you don"t 
need to build them over rivers, because they stop soldiers getting through 
anyway."
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3.4.9 How do I build Warehouses?
The first warehouse on an island is built from a ship moored on the coast - 
the ship must have the required construction materials onboard. From Robitoby: 
"You only can build warehouse II, III and IV above an already existing 
warehouse." Under normal circumstances, you can only have one Warehouse per 
island. FrankB notes: "There is a limit for the number of players (i.e. human 
and AI player, pirates and natives) settling on one island - and I think it 
was seven." Sandmonkey adds: "When you build a warehouse, 1T of food is 
automatically placed there. ... But they also never eat that 1T of food, no 
matter how long it sits there." 
An exception to the one Warehouse rule, from joe_44850: "After defeating one 
of the Pirate"s docks (they had 2 on one island), I was able to place a 
warehouse on it. Then, on the other side of the island, I destroyed the 
Pirates hideout, and was able to place a second warehouse on the same island." 
Gunter, "...found that there seem to be 2 sorts of pirates" warehouses which 
behave differently when you delete them (provided that you deleted also all 
his towers before): Either all the pirates" nest is deleted immediately when 
the warehouse falls in ruins (which happened to me all the time until now) or 
you can replace the pirates" warehouse by an own one. ... I found out now why 
sometimes a pirates" warehouse doesn"t disappear as soon as it falls in ruins: 
it depends if there"s still a food supply (hunters, fishers) with it. When you 
have shot these as well (and there are no more towers in the nest), the 
warehouse disappears immediately and all the other pirates" houses, too. This 
means that you can always replace the warehouse with your own one, as long as 
you don"t destroy its food supply." In normal play, two pirate bases on one 
island is unusual, but this situation can be created using a custom scenario. 
Nemo has another possible method (unconfirmed): "The marketplace was directly 
on the coastline. When I sailed next to the marketplace the ship"s "cargo 
crate" icon appeared. It was then possible to "trade" directly with the 
marketplace."
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3.4.10 What do docks do?
You do not need docks to dock ships, as Lord Khang comments: "I deleted the 
piers and completely surrounded my warehouse with stone defence towers. ALL 
ships (my own, free traders, computer AI) still managed to "dock" at it and 
conduct trade as usual." Shark_Dus adds: "The docks don"t increase the 
influence area of your warehouse. The influence area (lighted area if you 
click on the warehouse one time) is fixed." Zomby Woof writes: "You can use 
them as a road, for example to reach a mine which you can"t reach with normal 
roads because the mountain is standing too close to the shore. Or you use 
docks to reach your fisher huts so you can save some squares of room to build 
other things." BigTiny adds: "By your warehouse, they will allow soldiers to 
go around the corner."
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3.5 Colony Development and Events
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Colony Planning and Building strategies are given in a later section.
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3.5.1 What does a question mark above a building mean?
It means production is currently not occurring even though the building is 
turned on. From Manfred: "The reason can be: (1) The resources necessary for 
production do not exist or are not in reach. (2) The resources have to grow, 
i.e. forester/trees or cattle farm/cattle. (3) The building was placed in an 
unfavourable spot (fisher hut with too few fishing grounds within service 
area), or the plants for a plantation have not been planted at all. (4) A mine 
is completely exhausted. (5) An often appearing question mark requires a 
thorough investigation of the efficiency of your building and possibly 
corrections."
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3.5.2 Why aren"t my houses developing?
You are not meeting enough of the requirements (click on them with the 
information ("?") menu showing to see what they need, or whether they are 
unhappy), or construction materials for upgrading houses are not available. If 
you have such materials in stock on the island, check that you are allowing 
your residents to access them. Do this by ensuring the "materials to 
population" icon, seen when clicking the Warehouse, is not crossed out.
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3.5.3 Do I need housing on production islands?
Zomby Woof answers: "No, you don"t need inhabitants on production islands. 
There is no effect on production efficiency if you build houses there." 
Workers count towards your total population, regardless of whether there are 
houses for them. Folgra writes: "When you build a building, it comes with its 
own labor. This lets you settle feeder islands without having to make housing 
or supply food." Shark_Dus adds: "Production efficiency depends on fertility, 
influence area, distance to a marketplace... but there is no dependency from 
the size of the population."
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3.5.4 How much of ... will my population need?
A utility called "Milan"s 1602 Calculator" can be used to calculate these 
requirements - it is available from http://1602.2y.net/ . A table of 
Population per Industry can be found in the appendices.
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3.5.5 What can I do about plague?
Neferankh writes: "When a house is infected with the Plague, a skeletal figure 
with a scythe appears above the house swinging the scythe back and forth." The 
solution is to build Doctors, and ensure all of your houses have access to the 
Doctor(s). Road access is not always required, but they must be in a Doctor"s 
service area. Doctors require 50 or more Citizens. If you are unlucky, it is 
possible this level of development will not have been reached before plague 
strikes. There is another method, see Are there other gameplay "cheats"? 
below.
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3.5.6 Why do fire carts not come to put out fires?
The building needs to be in the service area of a Fire department, with a road 
link between the two. There is an occasional bug that prevents fire carts 
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